'New Testament and Mythology' by Rudolf Bultmann (1941)

This book is often invoked as a work of modern theology of singular importance. It is well known in seminary colleges, amongst theologians and historians. Its organizing theme is the 'de-mythologization' of the New Testament's mythology, often described as a kind of 'existentialist interpretation', forged in the crucible of WWII.

Bultmann colorfully describes the quest for the facts of history as “a kind of pathology of the necrophiliac theological archivist."